Healthcare system of Pakistan consists of private and public sector. The private sector serves nearly 70% of the population and 30% by the public sector. As per Pakistan constitution provision of health is the responsibility of provincial governments except in federally administered areas. Pakistan’s total health expenditures amounted to 3.9 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2005, and per capita health expenditures were 49.
The government provided 24.4 per cent of total health expenditures, with the remainder being entirely private, out of pocket expenses. Millennium Development Goals are eight international development goals that all 192 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organisations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015.
Healthcare system of Pakistan especially primary healthcare is facing numerous problems.
Decentralisation present an opportunity to bring in fundamental changes in primary healthcare to make it more efficient and effective to the masses. A goal of reforms in primary healthcare sector is to restructure the non-efficient system by developing from federal to district level. Healthcare system includes building blocks such as leadership, service delivery, technology, health workforce, healthcare finance and research. To achieve access coverage and quality services monitoring and evaluation plays an important role.
Take the responsibility
Poverty is a curse. We all know that Pakistan is a developing country. Most of our population is living their lives under the worst circumstances. According to some reports more than 40% of the population of Pakistan lives below the poverty line, which means that 4 out of 10 Pakistanis are living in acute poverty.
There are multiple factors behind this grave situation. Pakistan is facing multiple economic challenges, a constantly growing population, high illiteracy, and a lack of job opportunities. A large number of educated and talented youth from different regions of Pakistan want to bring some real positive change in the country, but their financial and social circumstances restrict them.
The government cannot afford to do everything, especially when it’s already in an economic crunch. Social sector organisations like Akhuwat are doing a really good job by granting interest-free loans to economically challenged parts of the population who have the potential to become valuable to the society.
I believe that we can replicate the Akhuwat model at the individual level. If we really want to play our role in building society, each of us can take the responsibility of providing for one, two, or three people and help them grow economically rather than just cursing the government all the time. Together we can change the fate of Pakistan.
Cinema of Pakistan
During the early 1970s, Pakistan was the world’s fourth largest producer of feature films. However, between 1977 and 2007, the film industry of Pakistan went into decline due to Islamization, strengthening of censorship laws, and an overall lack of quality. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the film industry went through several periods of ups and downs, a reflection of its dependency on state funding and incentives. By 2000, the film industry in Lahore had collapsed and saw a gradual shift of Pakistani actors, actresses, producers and filmmakers from Lahore to Karachi. By 2007, the wounds of Pakistan’s collapsed film industry began to heal and Karachi cemented itself as the center of Pakistani cinema. This was the time new generation producers stepped into the industry with short films with quality story lines, and new technology led to an explosion of alternative form of Pakistani cinema.
It is unfortunate that Pakistani society has always remained short of adequate funds for quality film-making even though our country is teeming with immense talent and God-gifted aptitude. Currently, Lollywood film industry hardly produces three or four movies a year which are often funded by giant media groups like Geo and ARY. Presence of media training institutes and media studies is a prerequisite for development and growth of our film industry sector. Government should play a vital role in the revival of Pakistani cinema by providing funds to the film sector and encouraging and directing the promising institutes of our country to give gross weightage to media studies. Consequently, the process would be a thriving measure in generating skilled future directors and producers with innovative ideas and diversify the field of Pakistani cinema. The people of Pakistan have undoubtedly developed a taste for viewing Indian movies up till now and to counter this trend, our film industry should endeavor
to carefully alter and efficiently entice the public’s eye and interests by producing quality movies. The estimated market size and growth of indian film industry is about to hit 3.7 billion US dollars by F.Y. 2022. It is mine and every Pakistani citizen’s heartfelt desire that our film industry multiplies in its production of watch-worthy, entertaining movies and continues to pick up a profitable and prosperous pace for a successful way forward. The bottom line of my opinion is that via mutual efforts of government and concerned institutes, our industry may flourish and the undue attraction towards the Bollywood industry diminishes, assenting the image of Pakistani cinema at large.